(2005), Real Earnings trends by Income Distribution, August, available at: http://www.actu.asn.au/Images/Dynamic/oldsite/ work_rights/news/files/acirrt-study.pdf.
, (Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training).
Caroline Alcorso is a doctoral student at the Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training (acirrt
), the University of Sydney.
Both countries have long working hours cultures which restrict options for career progression for those with family responsibilities (ACIRRT
, 1999: 106-14; Brannen and Lewis, 2000: 104).
The twin forces of computerisation and corporatisation, now working in symbiosis with one another, are gathering momentum and leading to the decimation of whole legions of the workforce on a scale not seen since the 1930s depression (Aronowitz & DiFazio, 1994; ACIRRT
, 1999; Rifkin, 1995).
Because of this, many researchers regard casual employment as being a negative or sub-standard form of employment, emphasising the fact that the majority of these jobs are characterised by low pay, limited opportunities for career progression, lack of provision for training, low levels of union representation, little employee influence over decision making in the workplace, increased insecurity regarding the future of the job, and diminished employee entitlements, such as parental leave for long-term casuals (Burgess and Campbell 1998a; ACIRRT
1999; Watts 2001; Campbell and Burgess 2001).
(2001), The Quality of Working Life of Australian Employees--The Development of an Index, ACIRRT
, University of Sydney.
(eds) Economic Restructuring and Industrial Relations in Australia and New Zealand: A Comparative Analysis, Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Teaching (ACIRRT
) Monograph no.
GILLIAN CONSIDINE is a Researcher at the Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training (ACIRRT
), University of Sydney.
(1996), Future of Work: Likely Long Term Development in the Restructuring of Australian Industrial Relations, Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Training (ACIRRT
) Working Paper No.
The same was found in case studies conducted by ACIRRT
(1999), and Bickley et al (1999).
(2004) 'A Needle in a Haystack: Do Increases in the Minimum Wage Cause Employment Losses?', ACIRRT
Working Paper, 90, March