ACJPs in both countries are underpinned by two principle aims.
Second, ACJPs seek to provide a more culturally sensitive approach and to respond to the expressed needs of Aboriginal people who come into conflict with the criminal justice system where contact is unavoidable (CCJA, 2000; Hazelhurst, 1997; Ghys, 2004).
The ACJPs are significantly distinct in Australia in that these schemes were primarily developed to work closely with the police.
ACJPS has documented increased restrictions since 2013 on religious freedoms, particularly restrictions on members of Christian churches in Sudan.
ACJPS has also documented apostasy charges, which carry the death penalty, levied against Christian women.
ACJPS has also documented restrictions, including forced closures and cancellation of registrations, of political parties and organisations affiliated with reformist visions of Islam.
ACJPS has recently learnt that George Khamjan, a SPLM -- Peace Wing candidate for the State Assembly for Blue Nile, was arrested on 5 April 2015 by the NISS from Al Shahid Afandi neighborhood of Al Rosairis.
ACJPS and the Darfur Bar Association previously reported the killing of Idriss Ahmed, (m), on 30 March 2015.
A reliable source reported to ACJPS that approximately twenty-nine students were arrested, with twelve being held in unknown locations.
The Observatory and ACJPS more generally urge the Sudanese authorities to put an end to all acts of harassment and intimidation against human rights defenders and to comply with the relevant international norms and standards, in particular the United Nations (UN) Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 9, 1998, and regional and international human rights instruments ratified by Sudan.
ACJPS said Arj openly criticised Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan and his Chadian counterpart, Idriss Deby, at a press conference attended by the two leaders for their alleged roles in the atrocities and human rights violations committed in Darfur.
ACJPS said it had documented the widespread use of prolonged incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment by NISS agents throughout the anti-government protests.