In December 1956, less than six months after the formation of the ACMHR, Shuttlesworth's home was bombed.
They supported the movement financially, served on the board of directors of the ACMHR, and were dedicated to Shuttlesworth's leadership.
Baptist pastors were free from the economic control of whites since they received their support from their congregations--congregations that often praised and supported them for their participation in the ACMHR. Furthermore, Baptist ministers, unlike those of other denominations were responsible to their local congregations and were not hampered by conservative bishops and other church officials.
In almost every way, the ACMHR mirrored African American Baptist churches.
The influence of the church and its peculiar culture on the ACMHR stands out most vividly in the organization's weekly mass meetings.
Women were indispensable to the ACMHR. As was true in every African American church, women made up the majority of the organization's members, approximately 61.7 percent throughout its existence.
Her pastor Nelson Smith had become secretary of the ACMHR and was an avid supporter of the organization.
In two organizations within the ACMHR, women made up the majority of the members.
Also, ACMHR ushers saw themselves as providing a service for an organization that was creating change for blacks in Birmingham.
A few women served in leadership roles within the ACMHR. These leadership roles were traditional and acceptable in their Baptist churches.
When it was banned and the ACMHR organized, she joined at the first meeting and on the recommendation of her pastor was made corresponding secretary.