This clause is supplemented by article 21(1)(a) of ACRWC which provides for the elimination of customs and practices prejudicial to the health or life of the child.
Article 16 of ACRWC stipulates that children should be protected from all forms of torture, inhuman or degrading treatment and especially physical or mental injury or abuse, neglect or maltreatment including sexual abuse.
The countries that have signed but not ratified the ACRWC
are the Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, Somalia, Sao Tome and Principe, South Sudan and Tunisia.
of semantics, FGM-practicing nations who are parties to the ACRWC
further provides that for a child seeking refugee status, the contracting state must cooperate with international organizations providing family tracing and reunification services, and if family reunification is not possible, the child should be accorded the "same protection as any other child permanently or temporarily deprived of his family environment for any reason.
Much like the UNCRC, the ACRWC
enumerates a broad spectrum of rights to which unaccompanied children are entitled without regard to citizenship, (135) and mandates that "in all actions concerning the child undertaken by any person or authority the best interests of the child shall be the primary consideration.
A similar provision encouraging children to participate in their culture's activities is found in Article 12 (2) of the ACRWC