(71) Some of the suppler garment union ideologues argued that every dimension of what they called the "New Unionism" was a stride towards industrial democracy and the "weakening [of] the power of capital in our industry." Amalgamated Clothing Workers' Union (ACWU) leader Sidney Hillman, however, stated the realities of the period to Canadian members who had questioned his sanctioning of piece-working: "the only tenable position [is] that whether or not piece-rates are preferable to a time-basis of pay, the union shop is preferable to a non-union shop, under all circumstances." (72)
Every kind of foreigner you could imagine was there." (90) Prominent among the defectors from the CLP were Jewish social democrats, some of whom were almost certainly involved later that year in driving through Sidney Hillman's "liquidation of leftism" in the ACWU's Canadian locals.