AFARDAgency for Accelerated Regional Development (Uganda)
AFARDAssociation des femmes africaines pour la recherche sur le developpement (Cameroon)
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References in periodicals archive ?
(14) Massan d'Almeida, Genre et Pouvoir Politique, AFARD Togo, 2006
Shafei also utilized verse 216 of al-Baqara (The Calf) to argue that jihad was not afard (obligation) but was mu'bah (permissible and optional), stressing the nature of jihad as offensive warfare asfard kifaya (an optional individual obligation).
The creation of AFARD in Senegal, as the first independent organization for research on women in Africa in 1977, is a good example of that vision.