Additional spell characteristics controlled for in the model included (1) whether the recipient had a previous Medicaid spell; (2) whether the modal aid code associated with the recipient's current Medicaid spell was based on eligibility for AFDC, AFDC-UP, Edward-Meyers, Continuing Medi-Cal, the MI Program, or the MN program; (3) whether the Medi-Cal recipient had ever received a cash grant; (4) whether the recipient had ever received Medi-Cal only; (5) whether the recipient ever had to pay a share of cost; (6) whether the recipient had ever been classified as an AFDC-UP participant in a two-parent family; and (7) whether the recipient ever qualified as an immigrant/refugee case.
But eligibility for Medicaid via the AFDC-UP (11 percent), MI (10 percent), and MN (23 percent) programs was also common.
The AFDC-UP measure is a dummy variable indicating whether a state has an AFDC-UP program.
The presence of an AFDC-UP program is positively (albeit not always statistically significantly) associated with marriage rates, as expected.
Two-parent families can qualify for AFDC-UP (unemployed parent).
AFDC-UP has very restrictive work criteria, however, and recent Medicaid expansions might eliminate any advantage to joining this program.
AFDC figures include the relatively recent AFDC-UP
("unemployed parent") program, which allows two-parent families meeting certain requirements to receive cash benefits.
The debate over extending AFDC-UP
to all states reflected the ongoing controversy over the effect of welfare receipt on family formation and stability.
9-month transitional--Nine months of extended Medicaid benefits are offered to people with earnings who previously collected AFDC or AFDC-UP
, and who still would have been eligible for cash assistance except for a rules change regarding the treatment of earned income after 4 months of work (starting in 1981 "$30 and 1/3" was eliminated after 4 months).
At 12 months after random assignment, only 3 percent of program group members in both the AFDC-SP and AFDC-UP
assistance categories remained eligible for SWIM, were not employed, had never participated in a SWIM activity, and had never been sanctioned.
A little more than half of all married women lived in states where AFDC-UP
In order to test for and estimate the influence of welfare programs on marital status and fertility behavior, variables must be specified to measure the generosity of the AFDC and food stamp, Medicaid, and AFDC-UP