The high frequency of detection of these urinary GE metabolites, ranging from 91% to 100%, and their relatively short half-life in the body--from 6 to 80 hr (AFSSET 2008)--suggest that exposures were both common and repeated.
EGPhE can also be found in pharmaceutical products and biocides, but to a much lower frequency (AFSSET 2008).
(2005) Telephonie Mobile et Sante, Rapport du Groupe d 'Experts.
, "Nanomaterials and occupational safety," 2008, http:// www.afssa.fr/ET/DocumentsET/08_07JEDJNanomateriaux_2_Avis_EV.pdf.
EGPhE is also present in pharmaceutical products (AFSSET
2008; INSERM 2006) and biocides (AFSSET
2008), and PhAA is used as a food flavoring agent [Joint Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) 2002].
This project was funded by grants from the French agency for environmental and occupational health safety (AFSSET
), call "Environnement-Sante-Travail," and from the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME).
The study was funded by a grant from AFSSET
(French agency for environmental and occupational health safety).