Initially AGCI operated under the umbrella of Windstar's nonprofit status but became a fully independent organization in 1995.
AGCI experimented with a number of approaches for convening its interdisciplinary discussions before settling on a blueprint to use in planning the workshops.
The format of the AGCI sessions was conducive to resolving divergent viewpoints and framing new research to address issues that remained unresolved.
Another example of tensions that arise at AGCI sessions occurred in 2013 at a session to plan the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6).
We highlight here examples of outcomes that illustrate different dimensions of AGCI's objectives, highlighting research results, connections to international activities, new interdisciplinary research collaborations, the AGCI web page, and education.
There are many examples of the scoping or community-building AGCI sessions, starting with the first AGCI session in the summer of 1990 involving 38 participants from fields including ecology; atmospheric chemistry and radiation; demography; economics; public policy; climate dynamics, forcing, and modeling; planetary atmospheres; solar-terrestrial physics; and glaciology.
Six publications were based on that single AGCI session: Two provided an overview of observations, socioeconomic and ecological impacts, and modeling extremes in projections of future climate change (Meehl et al.
A final example of an AGCI scoping or community-building session was one held in the summer of 1999 on "Integrating Human and Natural Systems to Understand Climate Change Impacts on Cities.
The second category of AGCI workshops--deep dives, which provide opportunities to focus in detail on major topics--includes a number of influential sessions.
The session's call to integrate research on human forcing and responses was helped by a subsequent AGCI session in 2006, where planning for CMIP included, for the first time, social scientists expert in economic, demographic, and energy systems who were developing integrated assessment models (IAMs).
The report of that session was considered such a comprehensive survey of this key topic in climate research that DOE republished the AGCI report verbatim and widely distributed it in 1995 as an ARM report (Somerville and Gautier 1995).
One example was the AGCI workshop held in 1996 that addressed a topic that had become a major issue for the IPCC: how to assess uncertainty and confidence levels in its reports.