An automated guided vehicle (AGV
) is a computer-controlled vehicle used in a wide variety of industrial applications, mainly including the transportation of different types of materials in pallets, rolls, racks, carts, and containers.
The plant personnel are also equipped with specialized sensors they wear on their safety vest, to inform the AGV
where the operators are working and moving around within the manufacturing floor.
It will include a fleet of counterbalanced fork AGVs
. The AGVs
will pick up tubs of plastic product at manufacturing and transport them to the warehouse.
"It provides our position against the fixed environment, such as walls, and allows the AGV
to maintain its precise position anywhere in the facility."
The aforementioned sensors and functions are used broadly across the entire range of AGV
"If you look at an AGV
as a vehicle, you're missing 80% of an effective material flow system," Fleming says.
Additionally, other limitations include a necessity of polished floor surfaces for smoother operation of AGV
, guide path bed stability problems, and restrictions such as height of metal floors that must be crossed and weather conditions that it can operate under when used outside the manufacturing plant; typical facility arrangement and ramp gradients need to be overcome while designing the guide path.
that carry products by case or by shelf have already been commercialized to support picking operations, and currently development of systems which combine the operation of AGV
and picking robots that remove products from cases, is underway.
Items with high cubic velocity are picked with AGVs
that replace traditional manual pick carts, redefining 'Person to Goods' technology.
When the system is set up, the AGV
is driven around the facility to create a baseline of the routes to take, and while in operation, it navigates by comparing what its sensors see to this baseline.
The end-user customer's interests may not align with the AGV
Concepts are the facts of the domain and in AGVS
; facts are objects in the system such as part, machine and AGV