[al-Musnad al-sahih al-mukhtasar min al-sunan bi-naql al-'adl 'an al-'adl ila Rasul Allah salla Allah 'alayh
wa-sallam.] 8 vols.
He must also have insight into the procedures of analogies and significations (al-mdani), be fully experienced in extraction (al-takhrij) and derivation, and a custodian with regards to attaching what is not mansus "alayh
(63) for his imam according to his foundations.
Likewise if he has dependants like a wife and small children, then it is personally obligatory for him to earn an amount that is sufficient for (upkeeping) them (qadr kifayatihim), because providing (al-infaq) for his wife is incumbent on him (mustahaqq 'alayh
), (for) Allah Most High says, Keep those women in the manner you live, according to your means (al-Talaq: 6) which means, "provide for them according to your means," and this is in the reading (qira'ah) of Ibn Mas'ud, may Allah be pleased with him.
In it he reports, "We completed studying al-Shafi'i's work from beginning to end by reading it back to al-Rabi' (qire'atan 'alayh
) on Wednesday in the middle of Sha'ban in the year 266 [March 880] ...
According to Imam al-Ghazali Rahmatullah alayh
(May Allah have mercy on him), one of the greatest savants in Islam, hajj is the act of worship of a lifetime, the seal of all that is commanded, the perfection of Islam and the completion of religion.
As to the reason behind revelation of this powerful verse of the Qur'an, Imam as-Suyuti (rahmatullahi alayh
) mentions in his book "Lubaabun Nuqool" that once Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, meaning - may Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) [herein after abbreviated as (S)], mentioned about the story of a person from among the Children of Israel who had strived (jihad fi-sabilillah) in the path of Allah for 1000 months.
The merchant is enriched (musa'un 'alayh
) through commerce and is respected (lahu muru'a).
Abi Hudhayfa faced, in one isolated account, are not depicted as austere; rather, the account claims that Mu'awiya "imprisoned him in a prison of his while making him feel comfortable and spending lavishly on him (habasahu fi [sijn.sup.in] lahu [muraffih.sup.an] [muwassi'.sup.an] 'alayh
)." (102) This aligns closely with an earlier account claiming that Muawiya imprisoned Kufan exiles with similar amenities in a Damascene church during the caliphate of Uthman.
As to whether something can change its position (yatabaddal wad uhu) only, without changing its location, we may know its possibility from the motion of the [celestial] sphere (harakat al-falak), which can be in either of these ways: like that of the highest sphere which is 'not in place' (laysa fi makan) in the sense of being the defining end of the all-embracing entity (nihayat al-hawi al-shamil) that we call 'place' or, alternatively, it is said to be in place except that it does not leave its place as a whole, the change being confined to the relation of its parts to the parts of [i.e., various points on] its very location (innama tataghayyar alayh
nisbat ajza'ihi ila ajza'i makanih) which it [always] retains.