The current study suggests that student's self-report of their academic learning processes are a type of metacognitive knowledge, called academic metacognitive knowledge (AMcK).
The three indicators are explained by the latent variable AMcK. Failure to identify this latent variable, as well as the absence of at least a moderate factor loading ([greater than or equal to] .40) between the observable variables (indicators) and the latent variable, are sufficient to reject the hypothesis of an academic metacognitive knowledge (see the Academic Metacognitive Knowledge Model Figure 1a).
Besides the fact that academic motivation and learning approaches are explained by a latent variable, AMcK, it must be distinguished from the working metacognition (WMC).
The latent variable AMcK explains the variance of DAP, SAP and MAL factor scores.
The latent variable AMcK is distinct from the latent variable of working metacognition (WMC);
AMcK has incremental validity, beyond WMC, on the explanation of the general academic achievement (GAA) variance.
The basic hypothesis argues that the latent variable AMcK explains the variance of DAP, SAP and MAL's factor scores.
The factor loadings of the latent variable AMcK on the observable variables need to be at least moderate (approximately .40 or higher) to support the evidence that both learning approaches and academic motivation self-reports are part of the same latent variable, the academic metacognitive knowledge.
The second hypothesis model was compared to the concurrent model, where AMcK and WMC are not present, but a general metacognitive latent variable instead, explaining the variance of all the observable (or manifest) metacognitive variables.
AMcK has incremental validity, beyond WMC, on the explanation of general academic achievement's (GAA) variance.
AMCK 14041, AMCK 14058, AMCK 14059) at a low frequency (ca.
2010, Lake Xiloa, N 12[degrees]13.403'W 086[degrees] 19.961', all following types with same collection data as holotype, AMCK 13138, 191.7 mm SL, AMCK 13177, 186.1 mm SL, AMCK 13178, 156.3 mm SL, AMCK 13180, 191.7 mm SL, AMCK 13181, 175.1 mm SL, AMCK 13269, 126.1 mm SL, AMCK 13270, 156.3 mm SL, AMCK 13271, 180.6 mm SL, AMCK 13639, 150.8 mm SL.