After McDowell, rural and Alaska Native interests attempted to amend the Alaska Constitution with a rural or Alaska Native subsistence priority to make Alaska compliant with ANILCA
and resume management of subsistence on federal lands again.
From September 16 to 20, more than 120 grassroots activists from around the country descended on Washington to commend those who were responsible for ANILCA
, which protected 104 million acres of public land in Alaska.
Alaska has filed pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (126) and the Declaratory Judgment Act, (127) alleging violations of ANILCA
, the Tongass Timber Reform Act, the Wilderness Act, NFMA, NEPA, MUSYA, the Organic Administration Act, and the Administrative Procedure Act.
expanded the wildlife range into a 19.3 million acre refuge, the largest in the nation, with 8 million acres set aside as wilderness and most of the rest designated for "minimal management," or management as wild lands for all practical purposes.
The Ninth Circuit observed that the collateral order doctrine applies to judicial review of administrative proceedings, (68) and examined the Hales' contention that NPS was precluded by ANILCA
's access rights protections from subjecting the permit request to NEPA analysis.
's Section 1003 states "production of oil and gas from the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is prohibited and no leasing or other development leading to production of oil and gas from the [Refuge] shall be undertaken until authorized by an act of Congress."
laid out a distinction between public and non-public lands
The Hoonah Indian Association brought only an ANILCA
The regulations established to implement ANILCA
(Norris, 2002) consider them resident zone communities of the national park and preserve, thus granting their residents federal subsistence privileges within it.
In Alaska, much work is needed to clarify and implement the rights recognized in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) and the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA
The framers of the Alaska National Interests Land Conservation Act (ANILCA
) also knew the mountains here are made of minerals, and penciled national park boundaries accordingly.
In 1980 Congress enacted the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA