It was not only capitalists and the state that combated the workers' struggle: the president of the American Federation of Labor (AFL), the country's largest union at the time, claimed that the ANLC
was fostering "race hatred" (Foner & Allen 1987, 116).
(26.) 'Denouncing Lynching of Pullman Porter, ANLC
Calls for Mass Resistance Against White Ruling Class Terrorism', Liberator, 12 April 1930, p1.
Makalani considers how Moscow's non-funding of Blacks and white radicals' duplicity in underfunding the ANLC
and dismissing Comintern directives did not dampen the hopes of Black and Indian delegates, for they left with a reason to maintain Communist Party, affiliations.
James Kari has annotated the copy of Radloff in the ANLC
archive, so his annotations are added to this table.
Soon, it would be replaced by the Communist party with the American Negro Labor Congress (ANLC
Several of the ABB members served the ANLC
in an administrative capacity, and, thus, the ABB came to an end sometime in 1925.