The comparison between past and current climates in the AOGCM and AGCM ensembles isolates the effect of changes in the prescribed external forcing, which is mostly anthropogenic (Bindoff et al.
The choice of past climate period does not affect our results since neither experiment indicates that the severity and duration of the Dust Bowl was forced by the boundary conditions (sea surface temperatures in the case of AGCM and external forcing in the case of both AGCM and AOGCM).
Results from AOGCM areally averaged over the northern Plains.
New projections of future sea-level rise, for both 21st century and a longer-term beyond this century have been made extensively based on the development of process-based models including atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models (AOGCMs).
Projections of sea-level rise are based on atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models (AOGCMs), as well as semi-empirical models.
Coupled Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models (AOGCMs) are currently the primary tool used to analyze the response of the climate system to increasing greenhouse gas concentrations and changes in other factors, both natural and human-caused.
(17) A major downside of such coarse resolution is that it tends to smooth out important landscape features, so most AOGCMs see the mountains of western North America as a set of smooth ridges.
We also examined a set of climate change scenarios predicted by Atmospheric-Oceanic Global Circulation Models (AOGCMs).
However, it should be noted that because the AOGCMs make geographically detailed predictions the predicted changes for individual countries vary.
Projects underway with the GEOS-5 AOGCM
include weakly coupled ocean-atmosphere data assimilation, seasonal climate predictions, and decadal climate prediction tests within the framework of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project, phase 5 (CMIP5; Taylor et al.
In addition to the uniform scenarios, the study also examined three climate change scenarios from Atmospheric Oceanic General Circulation Models (AOGCMs
Moreover, regional-scale climate information can be extracted from coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCMs