The results derived from APFD have showed the advantage of using feedback mechanism for some objects in terms of early fault detection.
In addition to the above three techniques, three more techniques (Total statement/function coverage and fault index) and optimal (instead of random) techniques were analyzed in terms of APFD (initially explained in ) by Elbaum et al.
APFD demonstrated that the random ordering outperformed the repeated coverage maximization for GCC while not for Jikes and Jvac.
As the granularity level decreased, higher APFD values were observed.
They also stressed that choosing a technique with higher APFD is oversimplifying and may not always imply a better technique.
It also proved to be the main motivation behind many evaluation measures such as APFD etc.
10, APFD came forth as a striking measure for computing the Average Percentage of Faults Detected and a massive of 29 studies [2-9, 23, 24, 26-28, 31, 33-35, 41, 46, 47, 53-55, 57, 62, 69, 73, 77] took advantage of the metric directly.