AREQAddress Request
AREQAssociation des Redistributeurs d'électricité du Québec (Sherbrooke, QB, Canada)
AREQAssociation des Retraités de l'Enseignement du Québec
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References in periodicals archive ?
Marker-Items of the AREQ: Item 26) tends to become needy, dependent, and clingy when distresses; (item 36) tends to feel guilty; item 67) tends to feel sad or unhappy.
Marker-Items of the AREQ: item 8 appears to turn emotional conflicts into physical symptoms (headaches, stomaches, backaches); item 86 tends to become overwhelmed or disorganized by emotion.
Marker-Items of the AREQ: item 38 displays emotion appropriate in quality and intensity to the situation at hand; item 45 has the ability to reflect and postpone action until emotions are calm; item 75 is able to remain goal-directed even in distressing circumstances.
Marker-Items of the AREQ: item 34 tends to give up easily when faced with difficult or frustrating circumstances; item 62 tends to devalue some people, seeing them as "all bad," to the exclusion of any virtues.
Marker-Items of the AREQ: (item 31) has difficulty seeing other people's perspective when emotions get strong; (item 52) tends to avoid discomfort by keeping people at a distance; (item 96) tends to make suicide attempts or threaten suicide when distressed
After these theoretical considerations and formation of theoretically based factors that would be necessary for describing patients in their ability to experience and regulate affects, AREQ items were tested for their grounding in these factors that have been gained from theory, as well as for the possibility of relating the empirically derived AREQ factors to these theory-based factors.
* Subjects in two institutions, the out-patient clinic of the Department of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy (Medical University of Vienna) and the in-patient clinic of the department of psychiatry of the general hospital of mental diseases SMZ Baumgartner Hohe (Vienna) patients were investigated with the AREQ after an initial semi-structured interview and after their informed consent to take part in the study had been obtained (n = 518 Ratings).
Factors based on the empirically derived findings of the original work group around Westen and colleagues (F-Westen = FW) showed the following: For the Affective Experience dimension of the AREQ factor analysis in previous research led to three factors:
The construct validity results (.56) suggest that the obtained AREQ profile of a given patient correlates with empirically derived prototypes of his diagnosis.
For our purpose the AREQ items were translated independently by: a native speaker with no knowledge of psychoanalytical terminology and a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst.
It seems that the individual AREQ items are related with the factors that have been gained from the psychoanalytic theory and the empirically defined factors of Westen.
Grounding of the AREQ-items in psychoanalytic affect theory: Various not only psychoanalytic theories were integrated in the AREQ. (14) However, the fact that the empirically attained AREQ-items are clearly attributable to the relevant factors in psychoanalytic theory, as well as the congruence of the theoretically defined factors with the factors gained in our sample for a quite sufficient proportion and also partly in Westen's factors, account for the grounding of the items in psychoanalytic concepts.