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ARPANETAdvanced Research Projects Agency Network
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Email was adapted for ARPANET by Ray Tomlinson of BBN in 1972.
The initial ARPANET was a network of just four computers located at four different sites: first UCLA and SRI, followed by the University of California, Santa Barbara and the University of Utah.
Yet while ARPANET was never intended for email, research sharing is an essentially collaborative process and communication a necessary part of collaboration.
From ARPANET came technologies, protocols, and documentation standards used in the present Internet:
En 1969 el primero de tales nodos fue instalado en la UCLA y para diciembre de 1969 habia ya cuatro nodos en la red, la cual fue llamada ARPANET, despues de su presentacion por el Pentagono.
From ARPANET also spawned the short-lived satellite network (SATNET).
It's not enough to say that ARPANET started in 1969.
NSF combined ARPANET with other networks, consolidating communications backbones, and formalizing the underlying protocols that enable separate networks - and separate types of computers - to communicate with each other.
Though ARPANET no longer exists, the global network of computers still does.
BBN), under Frank Heart's leadership, developed the ARPANET switches (called IMPs), with Robert Kahn responsible for overall system design.
During the 1980s, the National Science Foundation replaced ARPANET with a modernized, high-speed worldwide network of thousands of computers.
Department of Defense networking project termed ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network).