A comparison of Gilani's and ARTEP results show that the major breakdown of the use of remittances between consumption and non-consumption expenditures are approximately the same, with slightly over 60 percent of remittances being spent on consumption.
This particular finding of the ARTEP survey is extremely important and provides an interesting insight into how the migrant worker may be deciding on how to spend his earned income.
The ARTEP survey of return migrants has an advantage over the Gilani survey in that it covers this aspect of migrant's behaviour, which would not have been satisfactorily covered in Gilani's estimate.
The ARTEP survey also provides estimates of the amount spent by the migrant on purchase of consumer goods and durables mainly for his immediate family or as gifts for relations and friends.
If we use the ARTEP estimates to include remittances through unofficial sources, this figure comes to Rs 271 billion.
Also, the results of the ARTEP survey, even in its preliminary form, comes out with some interesting results.
Also, if we combine Gilani's and ARTEP results, total investment in agriculture, industry or commerce may be substantial, especially in terms of official estimates of private investment.
It offered some new insights and new data although I would have liked to have seen more of the results of the work under ARTEP Phase II.
However, two one-month surveys, covering all international airports, carried out in the ARTEP Phase II Migration Project in May and October 1985, showed the number of return migrants to be, on the average, 11,608 per month.
A survey of firms in the manufacturing and construction sectors, conducted under the ARTEP Phase II Migration Project at the end of 1985 and early 1986, also broadly confirms the results of the Manpower Division .
UAE, Kuwait, Oman and Qatar) 1986-90' as part of the ARTEP Phase II Migration Project was submitted to the Planning Commission in March 1986.
(13) Based on ARTEP Phase II Migration Project data.