We assume that the target program is originally benign and that the system has deployed enough defense mechanisms against control-data attacks (such as DEP , fine-grained CFI [7, 34], and ASLR
) so that attackers cannot mount any control-flow hijacking attacks and must turn to non-control-data attacks.
 "Writing JIT-Spray Shellcode for fun and profit, Alexey Sintsov," interesting way to bypass DEP and ASLR
in browsers (not only) and Just-In-Time compilers was presented.
Prone Hip Extension (PHE) Test & Active Straight Leg Raise (ASLR
This technique, called address space layout randomization (ASLR
), stores data in different locations each and every time the application is run.
used active straight leg raise (ASLR
) for assessing the activity of lateral abdominal muscles in adolescents with scoliosis (13).
The two well-known techniques for defending against code-reuse attacks are Address space layout randomization (ASLR
) and address obfuscation .
"The team here at North-Bit has built a working exploit affecting Android versions 2.2 -to 4.0 and 5.0 to 5.1, while bypassing ASLR
on versions 5.0 -to 5.1 (as Android versions 2.2 to 4.0 do not implement ASLR
," the paper states.
Test (Mens et al 2001) was self-rated as negative for all participants with the exception of one individual who reported a slight difficulty in raising the legs with the test.
Data Execution Prevention (DEP) and Address Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR
CSR PSLR .60 * (2010) Orloff (1988) CSR ASLR
.52 * Patterson et al.
Google said that it would consider larger bonuses to researchers who demonstrated a "particularly impressive or surprising exploit," like one that could circumvent kASLR, a new variant of the better-known ASLR
anti-exploit technology used by Apple, Microsoft and Chrome OS.
Attackers are becoming increasingly adept at bypassing ASLR
(Address Space Layout Randomization) in the browser.