The purpose of the current translational studies was to systematically compare the efficacy and efficiency of instruction with programmed errors of omission or commission of reinforcement on acquisition of an AVCD task with two typically developing children.
We evaluated the effect of programmed errors on the acquisition of AVCD using an adapted alternating treatments design (Sindelar, Rosenberg, & Wilson, 1985) within a concurrent multiple baseline design across participants.
The purpose of this experiment was to compare the effects of programmed integrity errors during AVCD training on skill acquisition for two typically developing individuals.
We investigated the impact of errors of omission and commission of reinforcement on the efficacy and efficiency of instruction for AVCD skills with two typically developing children.
Although the trial-and error procedure included in our study has been used to teach AVCD and other skills to typically developing children and individuals with ASD or developmental disabilities (e.g., Saunders & Spradlin, 1993; Schilmoeller et al., 1979), the implications of the current findings for other populations of interest (i.e., children with ASD and developmental disabilities) and other skills are unknown.
Of these men, we excluded 175 because 151 had the electrocardiographic conduction disturbances VCD, AVCD, or arrhythmia; 12 had missing QTc interval; and 12 were missing potential confounders (e.g., education, smoking status, BMI, serum calcium, or diabetes mellitus).
(1998): IVCD (MC, 7-1-1, 7-2-1, 7-4), AVCD (MC, 6-3, 6-2-x, 6-1), and other arrhythmias (MC, 8-1-1, 8-1-2, 8-1-3, 8-3-x, 6-4-x).
Adjusted 8-year change (95% CI) in QTc interval, QRSc duration, and JTc interval (a) from baseline to follow-up ECG examination, by lead biomarker concentration at baseline, among participants who were free of IVCD, AVCD, and arrhythmia at baseline ECG.
ORs (95% Cls) (a) of incident abnormal cardiac conductivity at follow-up ECG by lead biomarker concentration at baseline among participants free of IVCD, AVCD, and arrhythmia at baseline ECG.