AWCBCAssociation of Workers Compensation Boards of Canada
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For instance, each workers' compensation scheme in Canada contains a list of excluded occupations, meaning the AWCBC data do not record fatalities in relation to these jobs.
(63) To estimate the number of agriculture fatalities not officially reported, we compared the AWCBC'S data with those reported by CAIR.
So, for instance, from 2013 to 2015 the AWCBC reported an average of 339 work-related fatalities, restricting this number to injury fatalities only.
(82) Cases like this one, albeit limited in number, would appear in the AWCBC data as a compensable fatality.
(112) However, many deaths from occupational diseases such as asbestosis are not included in the AWCBC data.
While the AWCBC does not provide data on COPD deaths specifically, according to its 2016 data, 58 per cent of accepted fatality claims involving work-related diseases of the respiratory system were suffered by workers in the trades, transport, and equipment operator occupations.
Our primary concern was that the AWCBC'S annual reporting of workplace fatalities is not a source of information about the actual number of workers who die because of a work-related injury or illness/disease.
Based on our analysis, we estimate that the number of annual work-related fatalities in Canada is at least ten to thirteen times higher than the approximately 900 to 1,000 annual average fatalities reported by the AWCBC. This makes work-related fatalities one of the leading causes of death in this country.
(1.) Established in 1919, the AWCBC is a non-profit organization that facilitates "the exchange of information" between provincial/territorial workers' compensation boards and commissions.
(4.) AWCBC, "National Work Injury/Disease Statistic Program (NWISP) Definitions," accessed 20 January 2018,
(27.) AWCBC, "About Workers' Compensation," accessed 16 July 2018,
(28.) The AWCBC started collecting injury and fatality data in 1996.