AWPPAArctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act (Canada)
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Consistent with United States practice of protesting what it deems to be "excessive maritime claims," The United States voice formal protests to AWPPA in 1973 and the 1985 announcement of straight baselines.
80) In the 1970s and 1980s Canada enacted the abovementioned legislation, including AWPPA and the drawing of the straight baselines in order to legally exert control.
110) Although the United States also officially protested against this measure, (111) the extension of Canada's territorial sea to twelve miles was far less controversial than the AWPPA since sixty other countries had already made similar claims.
137) It was Canadian policy, as it remains today, to permit transits provided the vessels met rigorous equipment and ship design standards specified in the AWPPA.
273) The AWPPA also provided the stimulus for the development of treaty law and customary international law supporting the exercise of a heightened degree of regulatory and enforcement power by coastal states in ice-covered areas such as the Northwest Passage.
The AWPPA has been updated in the intervening decades with input from the International Maritime Organization (IMO).