Extending AWQC derived from studies conducted at coastal sites to IWs involves major assumptions: a) similar densities of FIB reflect a similar health risk in inland and coastal settings, presumably because they reflect a similar risk of exposure to pathogens of similar infectivity and virulence; b) hydrogeochemical differences among inland lakes, rivers, and CWs would be assumed to have nondifferential impacts on the transport and fate of indicators and pathogens; and c) the criteria derived from the studies conducted at sewage-impacted coastal beaches would be assumed to protect against illness in inland settings, where the dominant pollutant sources may be wildlife and/or agricultural animals.
2006, 2008), and this method may be endorsed in the new 2012 AWQC.
AWQC developed to protect recreational water users are applied to other Clean Water Act (CWA) programs, such as the listing of impaired waters and discharge limits (under Section 303d of the CWA).
Participants brought entire FMU voids and home tap water samples to the AWQC.
We analyzed tap water samples for chloral hydrate (CH) using the AWQC standard test method TMS-003 (21), which is based on U.
in] from the volumes of cold tap water and hot beverages consumed at the participants' homes, work, and other locations and the TCAA concentrations as measured in cold tap water at the participants' homes and at the AWQC.