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Forty patients with dysphagia were enrolled based on the following inclusion criteria: (1) diagnosed with primary cerebral infarction or cerebral hemorrhage confirmed by head computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); (2) stroke occurred within 1-3 months ago; (3) aged 45-70 years; (4) with stable vital signs, abbreviated mental test scale score >7, and dysphagia outcome and severity scale grade 2-6; and (5) mild-to-moderate dysphagia, confirmed oral phase or pharyngeal dysphagia based on a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) examination.
[7,21] Allen and Prior found a strong relationship between an abbreviated mental test score of <7/10 and inadequate technique.
He was awake, alert, and oriented to time, place, and person (except for himself), and he was able to respond correctly to all questions of the Abbreviated Mental Test (AMT) [3] except for the two items concerning his identity (i.e., "Age" and "Date of birth").
The USPSTF looked at studies that used the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Clock Drawing Test, verbal fluency tests, Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly, Memory Impairment Screen, MiniCog Test, Abbreviated Mental Test, and Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire.
Cognitive impairment was assessed using the Abbreviated Mental Test Score.
Exclusion criteria comprised: acute or chronic confusion (Hodkinson Abbreviated Mental Test Score [is less than or equal to] 7/10 [5]), previous experience of the walk test or current involvement in a pulmonary rehabilitation programme, uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, severe cardiac failure or uncontrolled ischaemic heart disease or exercise limitation by factors other than dyspnoea and fatigue (such as visual impairment, musculoskeletal problems, neurological impairment and peripheral vascular disease).
Subjects with COPD were stable with no medication change or hospitalization for 1 month and were excluded from the study if they had lack of appreciable disability (Nottingham extended ADL score [is greater than or equal to] 16/21 [11]), terminal illness, psychosis, unstable angina, uncontrolled heart failure, confusion (Abbreviated Mental Test score [is less than or equal to] 7/10 [12]) or exercise limitation by non-respiratory disease.
The Abbreviated Mental Test Score [43] has also been translated [44], with similar reservations about its performance across cultures.
The patient examination incorporated a number of rating scales: the Mini-Mental State Examination [16] and Abbreviated Mental Test [17] for cognitive impairment, the Blessed dementia scale [18] for dementia-related disability, the Hachinski scale [19] for probability of cerebrovascular disease, the Cornell scale of depression in dementia [20] and the Webster scale [21] for presence of parkinsonian features.
Potential subjects scoring less than 10 on the Abbreviated Mental Test [4] were excluded.
Mental function was assessed using the Abbreviated Mental Test Score [5].
General linear model results education by age--statistically significant effects Main effect (P [is less than]) Interaction effect (P [is less Test Education Age than]) Abbreviated Mental Test 0.001 -- 0.013 Chinese Mini-Mental Status 0.001 0.004 -- Set test (animal category) 0.001 0.026 -- Word list memory (immediate recall) 0.001 0.009 -- Word list memory (delayed recall) 0.008 0.004 0.003 Word list (recognition) 0.010 0.001 -- Modified Boston naming test 0.001 0.034 -- WAIS-R block design 0.001 -- -- WAIS-R object assembly 0.001 -- -- Constructional praxis 0.001 -- -- WAIS-R, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised.
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