The study was aimed at determining the most common etiology, diagnostic and therapeutic efficacy and the outcome of disease in patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding.
The research was conducted as a retrospective study including patients hospitalized due to acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding at the Ward of Gastroenterology and Hepatology over the period of one year, 2009.
The diagnosis of acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding at admission was based on the anamnesis data and physical examination of the patients by means of digitorectal examination, which provided the data on the clinical manifestation of bleeding.
During the period of one year (2009), 86 patients were treated at the Ward of Gastroenterology and Hepatology of the Clinical Center of Vojvodina due to acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The mean age of the patients was 70.4 years (ranging from 37 to 88), and the majority of patients (41/86 or 47.7%) were in the age group from 71 to 80 years.
Since acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding usually occurs in older population, the age itself, the presence of comorbidities and the ongoing therapies affect the type of bleeding lesion, diagnostic modalities and outcomes.