(redirected from Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution)
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ANHAgence Nationale de l'Habitat (French: National Housing Agency)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Acute normovolemic hemodilution combined with hypotensive anesthesia and other techniques to avoid homologous transfusion in spinal fusion surgery.
ABT includes three options: preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD), acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH), and intraoperative and postoperative autotransfusion.
Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH): Haemodilution is defined as the artificial reduction of the erythrocyte count in the blood by dilution with crystalline or colloidal fluids.
Studies carried out on individuals undergoing acute normovolemic hemodilution, found that oxygen transport (T[O.sub.2]) reaches a maximum at a 30% Hct (Hb 100 g/L), and it decreases as hemodilution and hemoconcentration progress.
A moderate number of surgeons reported using procedural hemostatic techniques, such as CellSaver (8; 31%), autologous blood banking (4; 15%), or acute normovolemic hemodilution (10; 26%) (Table 3).
Acute normovolemic hemodilution can replace preoperative autologous blood donation as a Standard of care for autologous blood procurement in radical prostatectomy.
The proposed study protocol was developed utilizing data from a successful international Phase 3 study with 492 surgical patients, which demonstrated that Oxygent and acute normovolemic hemodilution treatment provided a statistically significant reduction and avoidance of donor blood usage.
The two clinical applications that seem most likely to be approved are for patients with acute trauma, where several blood volumes of HBOCs have been infused without complications, and in acute normovolemic hemodilution protocols, where the HBOC permits aggressive lowering of the patient's red cells for re-infusion after surgery.
In some operations, a procedure called acute normovolemic hemodilution, is performed to avoid exposing the patient to allogeneic blood (donated by other people).
Erythropoietin and blood substitutes work best when combined with a technique called acute normovolemic hemodilution. In this procedure, doctors remove up to four pints of blood -- bolstered with erythropoietin or blood substitutes -- just before surgery and replace it with four pints of saline solution.
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