Ravi and KR.Kashwan,"A new routing protocol for energy efficient mobile applications for ad hoc network
", Comput Electr Eng., 2015, http://dx.doi.org/10.10167j.compeleceng.2015.03.023
Sethi, "Effect of routing misbehavior in mobile ad hoc network
," in Proc.
MPRs nodes broadcast inside TC messages links which could establish paths from source to destination, then the set of MPRs creates a kind of backbone in the mobile ad hoc network
. Thus, one hopeful subject of routes selection optimization is to sensibly choose MPRs that meet a given necessity to improve the network performance.
VANETs, as a particular case of mobile ad hoc networks
, are also characterized by the high mobility of the nodes (vehicles), the scarce or uneven distribution of vehicles, and the limited communication between nodes due to the constraints imposed by the topology of highways and/or urban roads .
Mobile Ad Hoc Network
Routing Protocol Analysis and Its Application to a Programmable Modular Communication System, Signals, Systems and Computers.
MANET (Mobile Ad hoc Network
) is a collection of wireless nodes that can form a network dynamically to communicate information without using any pre-defined network infrastructure .
The main feature of the Ad Hoc Networks
, referred to by the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force) as MANET (Mobile Ad Hoc Network
), is that they do not have an infrastructure, and as a result, all network's functions must be carried out by the nodes themselves.
The integrated UMTS and WLAN Ad Hoc network
, only ad hoc nodes are capable of operating independently without any fixed infrastructure.
Larrieu, "An ADS-B based secure geographical routing protocol for aeronautical ad hoc networks
," in Proceedings of the IEEE 37th Annual Computer Software and Applications Conference Workshops (COMPSACW '13), pp.