Curtin and Elizabeth Arias, Ph.D., from the National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Maryland, describe trends in age-adjusted death rates
from 2000 through 2017 for Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and non-Hispanic black adults aged 25 years and older.
The year-round age-adjusted death rate
was 0.49 per million, lower than the year-round age-adjusted Northeast death rate of 0.91 deaths per million and the national rate of 1.46 deaths per million from 1999-2012 (Sircar et al., 2015).
The overall age-adjusted death rate
was 63/1 000 population and the overall SMR was 4.9 (95% CI 3.92 5.80), with an SMR of 3.9 for men (95% CI 2.95 - 4.86) and 6.3 for women (95% CI 4.22 - 8.38).
The age-adjusted death rate
from influenza, pneumonia and flu-like conditions held steady at 15.1 per 100,000 between 2014 and 2015, but the age-adjusted death rate
from chronic lung conditions, such as emphysema, increased to 41.3, from 40.4.
Even though there is an increasing trend over time for both Louisiana and the U.S., Louisiana's age-adjusted death rate
is on average 3.6 per 100,000 higher than the U.S.
Age-adjusted death rates
are better indicators (than crude rates)
Overall, the age-adjusted death rate
by all causes decreased to 832.7 per 100,000 in 2003, which is 33.1 percent of the 1900s level (2,518 per 100,000).
From 1980 through 2000, the age-adjusted death rate
for coronary heart disease fell from 542.9 to 266.8 deaths per 100,000 population among men, and from 263.3 to 134.4 deaths per 100,000 population among women, resulting in 341,745 fewer deaths from coronary heart disease in 2000.
In 2000, it was the 12th leading cause of death, accounting for 1.1 percent of all deaths, with an age-adjusted death rate
(3) of 9.6 per 100,000 population.
In that same period, however, some conditions have become more prevalent, with the age-adjusted death rate
from diabetes increasing by 39 percent, influenza and pneumonia by 8 percent, chronic lung disease by 49 percent, kidney disease by 21 percent, and septicemia by 88 percent.
The biggest decline in mortality among leading causes of death was for influenza/pneumonia (more than seven percent).The age-adjusted death rate
from HIV/AIDS declined nearly four percent between 2000 and 2001, a bigger decline than the year before and continuing a trend that has occurred since 1995.
While abandoning neither crude indicators of these demographic rates (for example, the crude death rate), which ignore the confounding factor of age, nor age-specific rates (such as age-specific death rates), which provide no summary figure for the entire population, demographers long ago adopted age-adjusted rates (for instance, the age-adjusted death rate
) as a means of summarizing a demographic process for an entire population.