Qi's team compared the participants' eating habits with three different diets: the Alternate Healthy Eating Index
2010 (AHEI-2010), the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) and the Alternate Mediterranean Diet (AMED).
Changes in dietary patterns were also assessed every four years using three diet quality scores - the Alternate Healthy Eating Index
2010 (AHEI-2010), Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Alternate Mediterranean Diet (AMED).
Researchers analyzed data from over 120,000 individuals from the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study and found that those with the highest quality diet (based on the Alternate Healthy Eating Index
score) had a one-third lower risk of developing COPD than those who ate the least healthy diet.
The Alternate Healthy Eating Index
2010 was used to score participants' diets.
Now, a new study using data collected from 93,676 healthy women, ages 50-70, from the Women's Health Initiative-OS (observational study) reconfirms the benefits of the following two sets of guidelines: the Dietary Modification Index (DMI), a component of the Women's Health Initiative, which recommends a diet low in total, saturated and trans fats, and the Alternate Healthy Eating Index
(AHEI), developed by the USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion.
During that time, the women completed five questionnaires about their eating habits, which were used to create an Alternate Healthy Eating Index
Dietary quality was measured using the 110-point Alternate Healthy Eating Index