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AMAAmerican Medical Association
AMAAustralian Medical Association
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AMAAgence Mondiale Antidopage (French: World Anti-Doping Agency; Montreal, Canada)
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AMAAnnée Mondiale de l'Astronomie (French: International Year of Astronomy)
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AMAAsk Me Anything
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AMAAnti-Mitochondrial Antibody (medical)
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AMAAdvanced Modern Apprenticeship
AMAArm Muscle Area (Nutrition, Dietetics and Anthropometry)
AMAAsociacion Mexicana Automovilistica (Spanish: Mexican Automobile Association)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Body mass index (BMI) (weight/height (2), normal range 18.5-24.9) and bone-free arm muscle area (BF-AMA) (MUAC-(3.14xTSF)) were calculated.
1) normal body weight or above normal (body mass index, BMI >20Kg/[m.sup.2]), stable over the last year, associated with normal skeletal muscle mass (arm muscle area, AMA>10[degrees] percentile of normal values for age and sex).
For example, one participant was classified with late-stage (WHO stage 4) disease and her calculated upper arm muscle area (UAMA) was below the 5th percentile threshold, but her body mass was only 1% below the ideal prescribed for a female of her height, suggesting muscle wasting but not fat wasting.
Anthropometric measurement of muscle mass: revised equations for calculating bone-free arm muscle area. Am J Clin Nutr 1982; 36 : 680-90.
Compared with placebo patients, those who took thalidomide had lost significantly less bone-free arm muscle area at week 4 (average gain of 1 [cm.sup.3] vs.
Corrected arm muscle area (CAMA), a measurement of important prognostic value for severe wasting malnutrition in elderly subjects [16], was calculated using the equation:
The following indices are calculated from the above parameters using appropriate formulae: (i) Body mass index (BMI) = Weight in kg/Height in [m.sup.2]; (ii) Density = Cm x log (sum of skinfold thickness); (iii) Percentage of fat = (4.95/density-4.5) 100; (iv) Fore arm muscle area ([cm.sup.2]) = MFAC - [([pi] x FSF).sup.2]/4; (v) Corrected forearm muscle area (CFAMA) ([cm.sup.2]) = MFAC - [([pi] x FSF).sup.2]/4[pi]-10; (vi) Muscle mass = Height x [0.0264+(0.0029xCFMA)]; (vii) Fore arm volume= ([pi]/3 x H) x (R1 + [R.sub.2]) + ([R.sub.1] x [R.sub.2]); where, H: Fore arm length; [R.sub.1]: Radius at the base = MFC/2[pi], [R.sub.2]: Radius at the truncated base = RSC/2[pi].
Multiple linear regression with step-wise forward selection was used to predict total muscle mass using measurements like height (2)/impedence, height and weight and using arm muscle area (AMA), thigh muscle area (TMA) and calf muscle area (CMA).
However, this increase in risk was explained by the confounding variables, particularly sex, history of cardiac disease, low corrected arm muscle area and chronic obstructive lung disease.
BMI: Body mass index Table 2: Pearson correlation of hand grip strength and nutritional parameters in laborers Nutritional Handgrip strength parameters r value P value Height (m) 0.52 0.001 ** Weight (kg) 0.47 0.001 ** BMI (kg/[m.sup.2]) 0.40 0.02 * Triceps skinfold -0.46 0.001 ** thickness (mm) Mid-upper arm 0.43 0.01 * circumference (cm) Arm muscle girth (cm) 0.39 0.04 * Arm muscle area 0.37 0.04 * ([cm.sup.2]) r.
Anthropometric measurements included body mass index (BMI), triceps skin-fold thickness (TSF), and arm muscle area (AMA) [43].