Despite of no evidence for non-parenteral (enteral/respiratory) transmission of BBV, there have been controversies about the oral transmission efficiency for BBVs [29-31], and thus, virus transmission via saliva may be possible, probably due to the contamination of saliva with blood.
Health care workers (HCWs) are at the front line for acquiring blood-borne virus (BBV: hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)) infections.
The extent of the unusual problem of iatrogenic transmission of BBVs remains unknown because modes of transmission of individual cases are difficult to document.
The literature examining iatrogenic BBV infection is limited, but conflict and war clearly go hand in hand with increased prevalence of BBVs, especially in women and children.
Thrum (2000) discussed the degree of exposure risk to BBVs as related to the length of employment in an occupation with frequent blood/needle exposure and the prevalence of BBVs in the client population.
Patients, patient service attendants and haemodialysis nurses and technicians are all at an increased risk of exposure to BBVs from NSIs.
One month after the BBVS Report was published, the auditor general released another report on Parks Canada.
The follow-up report praised the BBVS and suggested that changes made to the Banff management plan due to the report be mirrored in other parks.
executive director Doug Hodgins says the round table has been "a great success," and its members are "finding commonality rather than differences." However, Page warns that there is still much work to be done.
The optimal management of HCPs infected with BBVs
has always been controversial because so few cases have been documented and randomised controlled clinical trials are not feasible.
Professor Campbell's keynote was followed by Professor Lisa Maher (of the Kirby Institute, University of NSW), whose day two opening address examined "Complexity and simplification in quantitative research on illicit drugs: Tensions, challenges and opportunities." Professor Maher critically evaluated the utility of mathematical modeling in blood-borne virus (BBV
A promotional campaign has been developed that will include an information pack for male students containing leaflets, condoms, a urine testing pot for gonorrhoea and chlamydia, and an appointment card to book for Blood Borne Virus (BBV
) blood tests at the university.