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This study showed that children with BCECTS presented significantly worse performance than the control group in executive functions of cognitive flexibility- categorization ability and attention errors in the strategy for action- in phonemic verbal fluency and selective attention and mental flexibility.
The results from the Victoria Stroop evaluating selective attention and mental flexibility suggests that children with BCECTS present an adequate ability for selective attention and mental flexibility.
Difficulties in planning and problem solving as assessed by the Tower of London were not found in our study- contrary to previous data showing worse performances for the children with BCECTS compared to the control-group (1).
The Phonemic Fluency Test (Controlled Oral Word Association) seems to be sensitive to the presence of BCECTS. Studies showed that children with BCECTS present worse performances in phonemic verbal fluency tasks (1-22) even after total remission of seizures and EEG normalization (5-9-10).
(22), which showed lower performance of children with BCECTS in all WCST scores compared to the control-group.
Although our study has showed worse performance of children with BCECTS in executive functions of cognitive flexibility, categorization ability and attention errors in the strategy for action, in phonemic verbal fluency and selective attention and mental flexibility, the impact of the intellectual functions in the performance of these tests must be considered, since there were differences in the estimated IQ between the groups.
Our findings show that children with BCECTS present impaired categorization ability, worse performance in color naming and deficits in verbal fluency.
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