SB 2042 did not include guidelines for the development of BCLAD
All 4 teachers in the study held a BCLAD
Two core elements of the BCLAD
are teaching methods for literacy in two languages and a teaching practicum.
Upon their return to the U.S., biliteracy teacher candidates complete their teacher credentialing program methods courses at SDSU and engage in ten additional weeks of student teaching in a dual language public school setting with cooperating teachers who already hold a BCLAD
credential (Alfaro, 2003).
TABLE 1 Bilingual Cross-Cultural Language and Academic Development(BCLAD
)and Cross-Cultural Language and Academic Development (CLAD) Credential Program Requirements
After attending this conference my interest and motivation to continue with my Spanish studies and obtain a BCLAD
Not only did this core faculty group introduce the new courses mentioned above, but they were also active in state policy-making, playing a key role in the creation of the Cross Cultural Language and Academic Development (CLAD) emphasis and the Bilingual CLAD (BCLAD
) emphasis for the basic credential.
In addition to teaching required core courses at a local university for CLAD (Crosscultural, Language, and Academic Development) certification in the Single Subject Credential Program, I have also been supervising the practicum of Multiple Subject Credential Program pre-service teachers (PST)--also known as student teachers--for CLAD and BCLAD
(Bilingual Crosscultural, Language, and Academic Development) certification at various schools in different school districts.
Table 1: Student Teacher Assessment of Growth: Year 5--Model I MS BCLAD
- N=11 Means Areas of Growth 1.
Most recently, California depended on its BCLAD
(Bilingual, Cross-cultural, Language, and Academic Development) credential/certificate to prepare and certify teachers competent in educating California's EL student population in bilingual settings.
California: Since 1992, the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CCTC) has required teachers who educate children who are English-language learners (i.e., ESOL/ESL students) to be certified with either the Cross-Cultural, Language and Academic Development (CLAD; CCTC, n.d.b) certification or the Bilingual Cross-Cultural, Language and Academic Development (BCLAD
; CCTC, n.d.a) certification.
All teachers in the programs receive the Cross-cultural language and academic development (CLAD) or bilingual CLAD (BCLAD
) credential upon completing the program.