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Lyndsey Kilgore, M.D., from the University of Kansas Health System in Kansas City, and colleagues evaluated 146 breast cancer patients with unilateral disease undergoing treatments that are high risk for the development of BCRL. Patients with subclinical lymphedema diagnosed by a BIS result of two standard deviations above baseline from preoperative assessment were started on at-home conservative interventions (compression sleeve garment and self-massage).
Nine patients had continued elevated measurements and were referred to outpatient complete decongestive therapy (clinically persistent BCRL incidence, 18 percent).
It is difficult to identify the actual incidence of BCRL due to differences in the diagnostic and measurement methods and follow-up periods (1, 2, 4).
Among the factors influencing BCRL, performing dissection on the axilla was demonstrated as a reason contributing to the development of lymphedema in our study.
If BCRL is not detected and treated in its early stages, it becomes chronic and debilitating with severe physical, psychosocial and economic implications for the breast cancer survivor's quality of life.
After surgery and radiotherapy all breast cancer survivors are at risk of developing BCRL despite new surgical techniques to reduce its incidence.
BCRL meets monthly year round with a 15-member board of directors comprised of four officers and 8-12 trustees.
The most common cause of lymphedema worldwide is filariasis; however, BCRL is the particular cause of secondary lymphedema in the Western countries.
In this study, we conducted a descriptive and methodological study for validation of the LYMQOL-Arm among Turkish patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL).
 Besides, management of LE which, indeed, is a progressive and chronic complication, is associated with a high economic burden; therefore, it is of utmost importance to identify and manage these symptoms or complications in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL).
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