BCTUBirmingham Clinical Trials Unit (University of Birmingham; UK)
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Although several factors contributed to the deterioration of the industrial relations system in Canada and the United States, there is consensus among scholars and practitioners that "job control" union strategies by BCTUS played a key role.
According to Mark Erlich and Jeff Grabelsky, as the demand for construction workers expanded through the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s, barriers to entering the BCTUS prevented a parallel expansion in union membership.
26) The exclusion of women and racialized men from BCTUS has flowed partially from the craft model of organizing, in which members are recognized as "skilled" workers--as opposed to nonmembers, who are "unskilled" or "less skilled"--in order to maintain union power.