The simplest method of aggregating indicators (or subindexes) into a final index is equal weighting (Cardarelli, Elekdag, and Lall, 2011, and BFCI).
financial stress: the CFSI, the BFCI, the CLNFCI, the GSFSI, the NFCI, the Chicago Fed's Adjusted NFCI (ANFCI; Brave and Butters, 2011), the STLFSI, the KCFSI, and the IMF's Advanced Economies FSI for the U.S.
APPENDIX A Start Dates for Full Series Index Start Date (Month/Year) CFSI 1/1994 BFCI 1/1994 CLNFCI 6/1994 GSFCI 1/2000 ANFCI 1/1979 NFCI 1/1979 STLFSI 12/1993 IMFFSI 12/1980 KCFSI 2/1990 APPENDIX B Lag Lengths for Forecasts * Dependent variable Index IP GDP Wilshire CFSI 2 2 1 BFCI 2 2 1 CLNFCI 1 2 1 GSFCI 2 2 2 ANFCI 3 2 1 NFCI 3 2 2 STLFSI 2 2 1 IMFFSI 3 3 1 KCFSI 4 2 1 * Industrial production (IP) and Wilshire lag lengths are months; GDP lag lengths are quarters.
The BFCI values were multiplied by -1 for clearer comparisons with the other indexes examined.
Table 1 Definitions of Financial Stress and/or What Each Index Seeks to Measure Index Definition BFCI (Rosenberg, 2009) "Tracks the overall stress in the U.S.
If you have questions about the BFCI
, Techniques for Butterfly Conservation and Management course, Butterfly Activity Guide, or species profiles, please contact Shelly Grow, BFCI
Program Coordinator, at email@example.com or 301-562-0777 x263.
Xerces is contributing to the development of the BFCI strategic plan, which will help all of the partners work together, each utilizing their own strengths.
"Because butterflies have seldom gotten the attention of other larger or more charismatic species in conservation efforts, we wanted to be part of this effort." With its extensive experience working with endangered species conservation, private landowners, and Endangered Species Act issues, Environmental Defense brings many assets to the BFCI. In fact, to encourage BFCI members to work with local private landowners on butterfly conservation, Environmental Defense has made available a competitive grant that will fund a BFCI member-initiated project that focuses on private land issues.
The National Wildlife Federation (NWF), a member-supported conservation group, also hopes to join forces with AZA institutions to further the goals of BFCI. Prior to becoming a partner in the Initiative, NWF was involved in other programs that aided butterflies.
Accordingly, NWF staff members are great resources for education and outreach planning in BFCI. The NWF sees working in the coalition as a great opportunity to partner and share education resources with other members of the BFCI, including AZA member zoos and aquariums.
As a founding partner, the Service is an integral part of BFCI's work.
In many ways, AZA sees its role in the BFCI as similar to its job with members: to facilitate and promote the work of its partners, in this case the many organizations that already do such vital work on behalf of endangered and threatened butterflies.