Plants in a biomass production unit of an enclosed BLSS serve multiple purposes in fulfilling life support objectives.
However, crop production in a BLSS raises many concerns.
The characteristics of plants impact the resource requirements, engineering design and operation management of crop production within a BLSS.
Many factors must be considered when preparing food in a BLSS.
Materials and living space are limited commodities in a BLSS.
Earth's existing food industry manufacturing strategies are mainly based on quantities too large for use on a BLSS.
Within a BLSS, environmental conditions must be carefully monitored and controlled to support and sustain activities.
For the BLSS to be regenerative, all waste must be converted and recycled into useable resources.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has been providing leadership in developing BLSS.
The New Jersey NASA Specialized Center of Research and Training (NJ-NSCORT) for BLSS was established at Rutgers University in may 1996.