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Using correlation coefficients, relationships were examined between (a) internality/externality, measured by two indicators (ASQ and DSR); (b) substance use, measured by two indicators (BMAST and DAST); and (c) an observed, dependent variable (high-risk sexual behavior).
Uniform ethnic DIF was observed for three of the items, one on the TWEAK and two on the BMAST; nonuniform ethnic DIF was not found.
The present findings strongly substantiate earlier work by Cherpitel (1995a; Cherpitel & Clark, 1995) suggesting that the CAGE, TWEAK, BMAST, and AUDIT function in different ways across gender and ethnic groups.
The 10-item bMAST was adapted from the original 25-item MAST (Seizer, 1971).
Relationships were examined between the following variables based on correlations: (1) Internality/externality as measured by the DSR and UCSF; (2) Alcohol and drug use as measured by the BMAST and DAST, respectively; and (3) high-risk sexual activity served as the dependent variable.
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