In addition to the five monomers described above, many other monomers are also found to be closely related to the BMID axis, including tetrandrine , notoginsenoside , Lycium barbarum polysaccharide , allicin , astragaloside IV [113, 114], quercetin , and resveratrol .
The BMID axis will provide a new perspective and make it easier for further studies.
Through the analysis of a large number of studies on diabetic pathogenesis and treatment, we proposed the "Bacteria-Mucosal Immunity-Inflammation-Diabetes" (BMID) axis through which we attempted to explain how herbal monomers and formulae improve diabetes.
BMID is our first attempt to integrate information and results of various studies and inspire a focus of future direction at which future studies can be conducted to support and improve it.
Table 1: Chinese herbal products based on the BMID axis.
Question 13: Prior to entry into the BMid programme how would you rate your skills with the following types of flexible delivery/learning?
All 104 enrolled midwifery students in Year 1 and 2 of the [new curriculum] BMid pre-registration programme from one New Zealand midwifery education provider were invited to participate.
54 completed surveys were received from students in Year 1 and 2 of the new BMid programme giving a 52 % response rate.
The original sessions for the BMid programme were timetabled for a more traditional style of teaching with a mix of face-to-face lectures and smaller tutorial type sessions that could be either face-to-face or via an online platform.
These students are likely to be more disaffected than students who continue, and valuable information could be gained from their feedback enabling the BMid teaching team to develop support strategies to better meet the needs of future indigenous and remote students.
Further research could compare the learning experiences of students across other BMid programs in New Zealand using different forms of flexible delivery.
Having such data will lead to a clearer and better-integrated pedagogical framework for BMid programmes in New Zealand.