even uncertainty: closer to Boym
's "potential space of
The focus here is not on recovery of what is perceived to be an absolute truth but on the meditation on history and passage of time" (Boym
I have been suggesting that where volition-as-will meets its limits, finds that undertow of complication, that thorn in its way, there, perhaps, a different kind of thinking can begin--involuntary, unsettling, but therefore potentially "reflective" (in Boym
's sense) and critical.
(4) Mancuso uses Boym
's distinctions between a "restorative" and "reflective" nostalgia to argue that Whitman's nostalgia is the former.
As part of a general shift in his practice, Koolhaas assumed a role akin to that of a television talk-show host and moderator, albeit one with very well-behaved guests: Chris Dercon, director of Munich's Hausder Kunst; Mikhail Piotrovsky, director of the Hermitage; Alexander Borovsky, curator of contemporary art at the State Russian Museum in Saint Petersburg; Svetlana Boym
, professor of Slavic languages and literatures at Harvard; philosopher Boris Groys; Elena Kozlovskaya, director of the Pro Arte Institute in Saint Petersburg; and Dmitri Ozerkov, curator of the 20/21 Hermitage project.
Where he considers weddings in relation to Boym
's theory of nostalgia (Boym
2001), he regards funerals as the most inward of "backstage" events in the community.
22 POSTCOMMUNISM Vitaly Komar and Alex Melamid / Michael / Ted Levin / Mark Slobin / Svetlana Boym
/ Mikhhail Yampolsky / Katerina Clark / Nancy Condee and Vladimir Padunov
By teaching his daughter to scapegoat mythical enemies, by passing on what Applebome describes as the "good-against-evil moral universe of Southern politics" (109), Alfred Abbott actually practices what Svetlana Boym
, in her book The Future of Nostalgia (2001), defines as restorative nostalgia.
While one can argue that the consumption of Winter Sonata is a sign towards relaxing of tension between the two countries, the act of nostalgia that viewers are engaging in is what theorist Svetlana Boym
describes as a resistance against "the modern idea of time, the time of history, and progress" (xv).
unsystematic and unsynthesizable,' Boym
writes: 'it seduces
In opposition to those who deplore the kind of nostalgia embodied in the heritage industry, or perhaps in the idyllic childhood memories celebrated by negritude poets like Senghor, he cites Svetlana Boym
's recent The Future of Nostalgia, which explores the ways in which nostalgia can be either restorative or reflective, shaping a certain way of thinking about a particular time and place, and granting such memories a transformative and reconstructive power.