is a workaholic and an achiever per excellence in all of the public offices she had served - whether at the Monrovia City Corporation, the Passport Division at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Birth Certificate section at the Ministry of Health or the General Services Agency, she always left an indelible footprint.Mary Broh
is a public servant that some loves to hate, because of her uncompromising stance in having the job done, no matter who stands in her way.
In addition, involvement in extracurricular school activities has the potential to increase students' perceptions of personal control over their lives outside of the academic environment (Broh
"The thing I want to see in the world is the production staff treated like reasonable people who want to live reasonable lives," Broh
(2002) contrasts three approaches to the potential benefits of participation in school sport that are grounded in sociological theory, drawing in particular on the seminal work of Coleman (1961).
Ross and Broh
(2000) also researched about the influence of locus of control over student achievement, and concluded that the sense of personal control affects academic performance.
Over the course of the summer, disadvantaged children might lose reading and math skills (Borman, Benson, & Overman, 2005) or fail to gain skills at the same rate as their more advantaged peers (Alexander, Entwisle, & Olson, 2001; Downey, von Hippel, & Broh
(54) Trude Jacobsen, 'Being broh
: The good, the bad, and the successful man in Cambodia', in Men and masculinities in Southeast Asia, ed.
Researchers also found the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement could be reciprocal, meaning students' academic achievement could improve self-esteem (Liu, Kaplan, & Risser, 1992; Rosenberg, Schooler, & Schoenbach, 1989; Ross & Broh
Many researchers have consistently found relationships between self-esteem and academic achievement (Alves-Martins, Peixoto, Gouveia-Pereira, Amaral, & Pedro, 2002; Carranza, You, Chhuon, & Hudley, 2009; Chung, 2007; Lee, 2006; Lee & Lee, 2008a; Lipschitz-Elhawi & Itzhaky, 2005; Liu, Kaplan, & Risser, 1992; Ross & Broh
, 2000; Trautwein, Liidtke, Koller, & Baumert, 2006; Watkins & Astilla, 1980; Yu, Chan, Cheng, Sung, & Hau, 2006).
Participation in extra-curricular activities is positively associated with academic outcomes, including grades, test scores, school engagement and educational aspirations (Broh
, 2002; Cooper, Valentine, Nye & Lindsay, 1999; Fletcher, Nickerson & Wright, 2003; Marsh & Kleitman, 2002).
Studies have shown that education predicts continuity and discontinuity of low-income status across generations (Blau & Duncan, 1967; Bourdieu & Passeron, 1990; Downey, Paul, & Broh
, 2004; Giroux, 1983; Grubb & Lazerson, 2004; Haller & Portes, 1973; Nieto, 2005; Sewell & Hauser, 1972).