bilateral groundfish trawl and agreements fixed gear fisheries Snapshot for 1979: 252 independent vessels fishing in BSAI
, 55 in GOA (French et al.
To prevent the over fishing of Pacific cod in the BSAI
fishery off of the coast of Alaska the NMFS implemented a plan to limit the number of boats that were granted licenses to fish based on which boats caught a minimum amount of fish during any two years between 1995 and 1998.
36) Numerous foreign vessels, however, targeted pollock in the BSAI
There are roughly a dozen distinct CPM trawl fisheries operating on groundfish stocks in the BSAI
region off Alaska.
The original BSAI
Groundfish FMP included provisions that prohibited the retention of salmon.
The annual harvest rate of BSAI
cod in 2001 was estimated to be approximately 11% (Thompson and Dorn, 2002).
Amendment 13 to the BSAI
FMP to establish a groundfish fishing closed zone near the Walrus Islands and Cape Peirce.
An improved retention and utilization program had already been approved as part of the Fisheries Management Program in 1996, addressing the larger issue of about 273,000 t/yr of groundfish discards in the BSAI
fisheries, with the bulk of the discards classed as economic discards (NPFMC,1998).
For example, BSAI
skate complexes are managed as bycatch within the BSAI
Groundfish FMP, which includes a range of life-history types, including rockfish and flatfish, and the productivity and susceptibility scores for these species would likely contrast with those obtained for skates.
Thus, even though authorization and permitting requirements may depend on whether the work is initiated by the industry or the agency, on the source of funding, or on the objectives of the research itself, it is usually possible to implement a well designed research study which involves industry/agency cooperation in the Gulf of Alaska and the BSAI
Endangered Species Act Section 7 Consultation--Biological Opinion considering authorization of an Atka mackerel fishery under the BSAI
groundfish Fishery Management Plan between 1999 and 2002; authorization of a walleye pollock fishery under the Bering Sea-Aleutian Island groundfish Fishery Management Plan between 1999 and 2002, and authorization of a walleye pollock fishery under the Gulf of Alaska groundfish Fishery Management Plan between 1999 and 2002.
1977 Preliminary BSAI
Groundfish FMP implemented with several closure areas.