Just as the family structure is the target of BSFT strategies, so too must the university researcher target the structure of the school to identify appropriate points of entry (Powers, 2007).
In the BSFT model, several core constructs that are operationalized as strategies guide therapists through the family counseling process.
Of all the constructs outlined in BSFT and many other family systems models, the most critical and foundational is joining.
BSFT incorporates tracking as a means to understand subsystems and identify the individuals who hold the power within these systems.
BSFT therapists use tracking to identify family leaders.
After identifying subsystems, power structures, and influential individuals, BSFT therapists continue the joining process by targeting influential family members who can be allies.
BSFT therapists find the use of mimesis helpful as they attempt to reframe the family's resistance to therapy and the negative interactions and behavior patterns that prevent change.
BSFT therapists believe that understanding the cultural contexts (or cultural systems) in which a family exists is crucial to understanding the strengths and problems evidenced within a family.
The BSFT therapist acknowledges that families enter into treatment having their own natural systemic networks, such as friends, extended family, school, and work relationships.
Through her collaboration with numerous schools over the past 5 years, the first author has found that six of the BSFT strategies proposed by Szapocznik et al.