Se examino la diferencia entre las puntuaciones de chicas y chicos en cada uno de los 38 items del BSRI
If we focus on the instruments, particularly the BSRI
, the criticism -which is based on its factorial validity and the possible meanings of M and F- has been abundant (Brems & Johnson, 1990; Choi & Fuqua, 2003; Fernandez, Quiroga, Del Olmo, & Rodriguez, 2007; Pedhazur & Tetenbaum, 1979; Marsh & Myers, 1986; Uleman & Weston, 1986; Wong, McCreary, & Duffy, 1990).
To test this idea, a measure of androgyny was created by summing the average of the ten masculinity items and the average of the ten femininity items of the Revised BSRI
, and then subtracting the absolute difference between the two averages (i.
A second concern centers around the normative classification data provided in the BSRI
is by far the most commonly used measure in all areas of gender-related research; indeed, by the late 1980s, 795 articles and 167 ERIC documents using the BSRI
were already identified by Beere (1990).
In order to discriminate between gender-typed and non-gender-typed individuals, the BSRI
s (1975) original conception, or to multidimensionality, as the empirical data obtained from the BSRI
seem to imply (for a recent review, see Choi & Fuqua, 2003)?
Sex-typed persons are males who score high on the masculine scale of the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI
) but low on the feminine scale and females who score high on the feminine scale of the BSRI
but low on the masculine scale.
Bem Sex Role Inventory Masculinity and femininity were assessed using the Chinese version of the BSRI
With regard to concepts, as pointed out by Spence (1991), and as is obvious from the model employed herein, the claim that the BSRI
measures masculinity and femininity is hardly justified.
For example, the BSRI
(Bern, 1974) description of masculinity included such features as leadership and aggression.
Positive relationships were found between some of the CFNI subscales and the Femininity Scale of the BSRI
and the Passive Acceptance subscale of the FIC, and there was a negative relationship between the CFNI and the Masculinity Scale of the BSRI