The metadata are stored in a MySQL database and subsequently combined with BUCL datasets.
BUCL data management, devised based on existing guidelines, peer-reviewed literature, and personal experiences, is designed to ensure data quality and integrity.
The cost of installation and upkeep of UMNs such as BUCL is not insignificant: dedicated technicians, maintenance, and running cost (e.g., for transmitting data, consumables, replacement equipment) all add to the total costs.
Overall, the AWS test bed is the robust mainstay of BUCL with its clearly numerous applications.
2013; see "Preliminary BUCL results: Exploring the UHI" sidebar) and other urban atmospheric phenomenon (e.g., flash flooding, airflow, air pollution);
3) Educational resource: The network data can also be used in schools: for example, BUCL data and resources are directly distributed to Birmingham-based schools, and form part of the IoT project Demonstrating the Internet of School Things--A National Collaborative Experience (DISTANCE), which encourages the use of technology and data sharing in schools (www.iotschool.org/).
4) Climate change: In the future it is hoped that long-term UMNs data such as BUCL can be used to provide high-spatiotemporal-resolution data for accessing the possible impacts of climate change in urban areas (e.g., Grimmond 2013) and the effectiveness of adaptation measures (e.g., green infrastructure).
To achieve this across morphologically heterogeneously urban areas, higher-spatial-resolution measurement networks such as BUCL are required.
Now, using BUCL, the size, structure, and evolution of the UHI across Birmingham are observable.