BVDV IBovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus Type I
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Though, BVDV is initially isolated from cattle, it can infect other animal species including pig, sheep, goat and even wild animals through crossing the species barrier, which bring out obvious economic losses (Ames, 2005).
BVDV is a single-stranded RNA virus and has approximately 12.5 kb RNA genome [16] and the genomes of BVDV are translated and processed into eleven mature proteins.
"A calf born persistently infected with BVDV is like a 'Typhoid Mary,' shedding virus into the environment through its tears, blood, urine, feces, and skin," Ridpath says.