It was Besant who raised funds to buy 500 acres of land in the Upper Ojai Valley, where the Happy Valley Foundation was established in 1927 and under whose auspices the BWCA
With that start, Oberholtzer was all-in as a full-time wilderness advocate For three-and-a-half more decades, he led the conservationists' side in a seemingly endless succession of intense debates over proposed roads, togging, mining, and tourist development along the Minnesota-Ontario border His work contributed directly to the inclusion of BWCA
in the National Wilderness Preservation System in 1964 and its expansion by 58,000 acres in 1978, Ontario's granting of full wilderness protection to Ouetico Provincial Park in 1972; and the establishment of Voyageurs National Park in 1975.
But the Bwca
have somewhat nastier tempers than their cousins elsewhere.
Service's actions regarding timber sales in the BWCA
Nelson runs Spirit of the Wilderness Outfitters in Ely, Minnesota, one of many outfitters that cater to people visiting Superior National Forest (SNF) and its Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCA
He is the last of the mystical Bwca
- the faerie "brownies" of Wales - and is prepared to go to any lengths to ensure the continuation of his race.
WI began in 1977 during a controversy in Minnesota that continues today over whether motors should be allowed in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area (BWCA
It is comprised of Quetico Provincial Park in Ontario, and Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness (BWCA
) and Voyageurs National Park in Minnesota.
Children of every age - and their parents - should beware of mistreating household creatures like the goblin Bwca
, who can be a help around the home unless you upset it, or the Bwbach, who can be a bother to non-drinkers and nonconformist clergy and is easily offended - but appeased with fresh cream.
Adjacent to the Canadian border, the 1-million-acre Boundary Waters Canoe Area (BWCA
) is America's only lakeland wilderness, with more than 2,000 lakes and countless rivers and streams.
It would also violate the Wilderness Act's prohibition against "motor vehicles," "motorized equipment," and any "other form of mechanical transport."(175) The Wilderness Act does relax this prohibition somewhat, however, in providing prior use exceptions for motorboats and other 'established uses."(176) It is under these exceptions that a battle over motorboats, snowmobiles, and motorized portages has raged in Minnesota's Boundary Waters Canoe Area (BWCA