As CNBC's reporter Anna Nova noted: "Proposals for universal basic income programs vary, but the most common one is a system in which the federal government sends out regular checks to everyone, regardless of their earnings or employment." CNBC quoted Guy Standing, co-founder of the Basic Income Earth Network
, who spoke on the subject at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland:
A year later, they organised an international conference where they founded "The basic income earth network
(BIEN)", aiming "to serve as a link among those committed to or interested in basic income and to foster informed discussion on this topic throughout Europe." BIEN defined the universal allowance as the unconditional income paid to any individual without regard to whether he/she has other income, with no constraint to carry out a certain economic or social activity and no matter if he/she is rich or poor.
"The Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend: A Case Study in Implementation of a Basic Income Guarantee," presented at the 13th Basic Income Earth Network
Congress this year at the University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and authored by Scott Goldsmith, economics professor, University of Alaska Anchorage Institute of Social and Economic Research, included information about how and when Alaskans spend the PFD.
Ziguras totally ignores the extensive Australian and international Basic Income literature (Basic Income Guarantee Australia, Basic Income Earth Network