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BSTVBergen Student-TV (Norway)
BSTVBed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis
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This is either by interneurons which are dispersed among the dopamine neurons (13,19) or via GABAergic inputs to the VTA such as direct inputs from the nucleus accumbense, (19,23) ventral pallidum, (23,24) reticulate parts of substantia nigra (13,25) and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. (26) GABAergic neurons in some of these nuclei exert the same response as the VTA, for example the GABAergic system of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis is tonically active and decreases the arterial pressure and heart rate.
These neurons reside in a brain locale called the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, or BNST.
Elevated extracellular CRF levels in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis during ethanol withdrawal and reduction by subsequent ethanol intake.